Biomed Imaging Interv J 2009; 5(2):e10
© 2009 Biomedical Imaging and
A statement of the rights of scientists and engineers
Editor, Medical Physics
Chair, Publications Committee, International
Organization of Medical Physics
As the Editors of the Biomedical Imaging and Intervention
Journal, we are pleased to introduce �The Bill of Rights� written by Dr William
Hendee, Chair of the Publication Committee of the International Organization of
Medical Physics (IOMP). This document covers the fundamental rights and
responsibilities of a scientist - not just medical physicists but the entire
biomedical imaging community, including the clinicians and researchers. The
simultaneous publication of this document in worldwide leading medical physics
and allied journals aims to disseminate these standards to the whole scientific
world. We, as part of the wider biomedical imaging science community and as the
editors of the biij, are fully committed to ensuring these rights are not
infringed by anyone, anywhere.
BJJ Abdullah and KH Ng
Editors, Biomedical Imaging and Intervention Journal
Bill of Rights For Scientists and Engineers
A scientist or engineer (S/E) uses understanding, insight
and ingenuity to discover new knowledge and to create new technologies that
benefit individuals and societies. In pursuing these goals, a S/E must be free
to theorize and experiment unimpeded by political pressures, religious dogma or
fear of reprisal. Preservation of this freedom is the purpose of the Bill of
Rights for Scientists and Engineers. The Bill of Rights is consistent with the
Statement on the Universality of Science of the International Council for
- A S/E is an individual who uses a scientific approach in the pursuit of
new knowledge and technologies. A S/E is not required to possess any specific
credential such as an academic degree, appointment in an institution, funding
by an agency, or membership in an organization.
- Science and engineering may be practiced in any location; they are not
confined to academic institutions, government facilities, or industrial
settings. An individual using a scientific approach in a home laboratory is
pursuing science or engineering just as is a S/E employed by an institution,
industry or government agency. No prejudice towards the work of a S/E shall be
exercised based on an individual�s affiliation or lack thereof with a
particular institution, organization or agency.
- A S/E shall not be dissuaded from pursuing scientific inquiry because of
political or religious concerns, or because the inquiry deviates from a
- A S/E shall be able to use any approach to new knowledge and
technologies, limited only by the restrictions that the approach follows sound
scientific principles and does not violate societal ethical precepts.
- A S/E shall be free to collaborate with other individuals in the same or
other locations, with the understanding that collaboration may require
covenants protecting confidentiality and intellectual property.
- A S/E shall not be subject to restraints in the presentation and
publication of results that are imposed by political or religious entities or
because the findings conflict with traditional knowledge. Scientific and
engineering results should always be evaluated on their merits and not because
of preconceived notions of �truth�.
- A S/E shall decide who should coauthor scientific publications based on
well-established guidelines for co-authorship. Courtesy authorship to senior
personnel in a S/E�s laboratory or institution is unacceptable.
- A S/E shall strive to ensure that scientific results are widely
accessible to the scientific community.
- A S/E should object to misuse of research findings for political,
ideological or financial purposes.
- At all times a S/E shall adhere to universal ethical and moral
|Received 15 December 2008; accepted 25 May 2009
Correspondence: Department of Radiation Oncology, Medical College of Wisconsin, 8701 Watertown Plank Road, Milwaukee, WI 53226, United States. Tel.: (414) 456-4402; Fax: (414) 456-6554; E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org (William R. Hendee).
Please cite as: Hendee W,
A statement of the rights of scientists and engineers, Biomed Imaging Interv J 2009; 5(2):e10
Biomedical Imaging and Intervention Journal. ISSN 1823-5530
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